Iron Smoothbore Cannon

Number

Description and Photograph

Price

OS-684

                    

Two inch smoothbore used by the

Columbus Guards, Columbus, Georgia

 


     In the decades prior to the War Between the States, numerous artillery units were organized in the more prosperous towns throughout the South.  These were raised for local defense in theory, but were more or less social organizations.  However, when the War started these Militia units were the only trained field artillery crews from which the Confederacy could draw.  The Confederate arsenals needed time to gear up for war production.  These units had the only cannon available, so at the Confederate governmentís request, military academies and militia supplied nearly 400 field pieces already in the South.

     As Confederates captured Yankee artillery and the several large foundries located in the South began turning out cannon, these obsolete cannon were returned to local defense home guard units.

     This American made, 2.6 inch field piece is totally unmarked, so there is no way to tell for certain when it was cast or at what foundry.  The fact that it is unmarked suggests that it was most likely cast prior to the War for a militia unit, but could possibly have been cast early in the War by a Southern foundry.

     The cannonís tube is just over thirty-nine inches in length.  It is mounted on a very high quality mountain howitzer carriage.  The overall dimension, including the carriage is eighty inches by forty-eight inches.  

     I cannot say with certainty that this is a Southern made or used artillery piece, but it has similarities to known Southern pieces and is a good representative example of the type of artillery piece first pressed into service.  The cannon was discovered in Tennessee and it was most likely used in that state.

     I will deliver to any of the lower forty-eight states at no charge. 

 

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