States Rights Gist

                                                                                        Secession Document


Description and Photograph





  The 8 x 10 inch order shown here was written by one of South Carolina’s most remarkable solders, States Rights Gist.

     South Carolina seceded from the Union on December 20, 1860, the new governor of South Carolina, Francis Pickens, appointed Gist as state adjutant and inspector general the following month.  While in this role Gist acquired weapons and mobilized military manpower throughout the state.  It was in this capacity that he issued this order to Colonel Micah Jenkins.

                                           February 25, 1861


     It is the intention of the Commander in Chief to arm the Regiments now being raised under the act of the Legislature.

  You will therefore, after mustering the Companies composing your Regiment, make, or cause to be made under your supervision the necessary requisitions for the arms and accoutrements for these companies not provided with them.  The arms will be issued up giving the usual Bonds for their Safe keeping.


                             S R Gist

Colonel                   Adj & Insp Genl

   Jenkins                          SCV


     In July 1861, Gist was assigned by General Joseph E. Johnston to the Confederate Army of the Potomac as a volunteer aide-de-camp to another South Carolina general, Brig. Gen. Barnard Bee, and accompanied Bee on July 20, 1861 to the First Battle of Manassas.  Bee was killed during the battle soon after giving Stonewall Jackson his famous nickname.  General Beauregard assigned Gist to lead the 4th Alabama Regiment after Bee, and the regiment's Colonel Jones, were killed in the battle.  Gist himself was slightly wounded.

     After a stint in coastal defense, Gist was assigned a combat brigade in the Army of Tennessee where he served with distinction until the Battle of Franklin.  At the terribly destructive battle of Franklin, Tennessee, this noble son of South Carolina rode down the front, and after ordering the charge and waving his hat to the Twenty-fourth, rode away in the smoke of battle, never more to be seen by the men he had commanded on so many fields.  His horse was shot, and he was leading the right of the brigade on foot when he fell, pierced through the heart.  Gist was one of six Confederate generals to die that day.

     The document’s condition can be described as “mint new”.  Though an important historical document, its beautiful calligraphy also marks it as a work of art.

     The frame’s overall dimensions are 16 x 18 inches.         




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