Davis and Bozeman Carbine

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Description and Photograph

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     Henry Davis and David Bozeman were cotton gin manufacturers in Elmore County, just north of Montgomery, Alabama prior to the War.  At the outset of the War, Davis and Bozeman made a contract with the state of Alabama to manufacture 1000 rifles on the 1841 Mississippi rifle pattern.  The contract was later amended to allow the production of carbines.  It seems this was done as a way of utilizing parts unfit for the production of rifles.  When the last deliveries, 40 rifles and 20 carbines, were made in November of 1864 it was recorded that 882 rifles and 89 carbines had been delivered to the state of Alabama.  Serial number 898 shown here is one of the carbines that utilize a cut down Davis & Bozeman rifle barrel.  The breech is stamped ALA. 1865.  The clamping style barrel bands, the trigger guard assembly and the butt,plate are made of brass.  The gun does not, and never did, have a nose cap.  898 is stamped into the back of the lock and the inner side of the hammer.  XLI is cut into the barrel and the breech tang.  Hand drill marks are prevalent on the inside of the lock cavity.

     The name E. Clarke is deeply carved into the butt plate.  Private Clarke enlisted in Company H, 7th Alabama Cavalry on August 5, 1863 in Greene County, Alabama.  In the fall of 1864 the 7th reported to General Forrest at Corinth, Mississippi, while serving in Ruckerís Brigade.  He fought during Hoodís retreat from Nashville and was wounded in a skirmish at Hurtís Crossroads on November 29, 1864.

     The high serial number and the 1865 acceptance indicate that this is one of those last few guns delivered to the state in November of 1864.  The gun is in beautifully original untouched condition.  This exact carbine is shown on page 82 of Dr. John Murphyís Confederate Carbines & Musketoons and on pages 60 and 61of Anthony and Hillís Confederate Longarms and Pistols.     

 

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