Old South Military Antiques

Jesse C. Lynes 1st SC Flag
Item #: OS-6690

Charleston, South Carolina native Jesse Lynes enlisted in Company I, 1st South Carolina Volunteers on July 29, 1861. Even at that early date, he enlisted "for the war”, not as a twelve month volunteer. The regiment was commanded by Colonel Maxey Gregg. So anxious to fight the invaders that he ran away from home and traveled all the way to Richmond, Virginia to enlist under the already famous Gregg. By the spring of ’62 he had been promoted to 1st Corporal.

Discharged by order of the Secretary of War, October 21, 1862 for being a minor. Few of his records survive and we find no Official Record of him again until March 1, 1864 enlisted in the 1st Battalion, South Carolina Artillery. He was a sergeant when captured March 19, 1865 at Bentonville and was paroled three months later on June 23rd.

In the years after the War he was active in veteran’s affairs and worked his way up through the organization to become Adjutant General and Chief of Staff, with the rank of Colonel, to the Georgia Division, United Confederate Veterans.

His promotion to this position was recorded in the Atlanta Constitution newspaper. From this I quote:

"When only 15 years old, Jesse Colton Lynes, at the boom of Sumter’s gun- the shot which was heard around the world- hurried to the front in defense of the south. Then a cadet at the famous Kings Mountain Military academy, this young lad was immediately assigned to duty as a drillmaster, a mere boy placed in command of vigorous and even old men, some of whom held the rank of Captain and Major.

Cadet Lynes went to Richmond Va, on the ---th day of July, 1861, was mustered into the volunteer service as a member of the Richardson Guard, of Charleston, S. C. This became Company I, 1st South Carolina Volunteers. Colonel Maxey Gregg at once detailed Private Lynes as his orderly and as Adjutant A. C. Haskell’s secretary. On going into winter quarters at Suffolk, Va. young Lynes continued to drill officer’s and men until the opening of the spring campaign. On Gregg’s promotion to brigadier generalship active service under fire began. By this time young Lynes had been made sergeant in his company and returned to it. Sergeant Lynes participated in the Mechanicsville, Gaines Mill (Cold Harbor) Fraiser’s Farm, Fair Oaks, Savage Station, all known as the Seven Days around Richmond, in the Valley Campaign at Second Manassas, Harper’s Ferry and at Fredericksburg. In these battles Gregg’s brigade was in A. P. Hill’s Division, Stonewall Jackson’s Corps. At Fredericksburg, General Maxey Gregg was killed. Sergeant Lynes requested and obtained a transfer from the volunteer to the regular service. He was assigned to duty at Fort Sumter in the heavy artillery service, with the company of William H. Peronneau, First South Carolina Regulars. On the transfer of the command to Fort Johnson he was detailed to battalion headquarters by Major J. Gadsden King, and afterward to post headquarters by Lieutenant Colonel Joseph A. Yates, commanding the post. At the assault of Fort Johnson July 3, 1864 Sergeant Lynes commanded a very important gun. In that assault, the enemy, who hoped to make Fort Johnson a Fourth of July present to President Lincoln, were repulsed and the prisoners they left far outnumbered garrison of the fort. The commander, Colonel Yates, highly commended Sergeant Lynes for the fine work that morning….after the evacuation of Charleston…..Sergeant Lynes participated in the battles of Averysboro, March 16 and Bentonville, March 19, in which last of Johnson’s battles he was captured, taken to Hart’s Island Prison, N.Y. Harbor, and confined until July 1865, three months after the close of the war.

For gallantry on the forts and in the field, Colonel Yates had forwarded his name to President Davis, and asked a Lieutenant’s commission for young Lynes.”

After a distinguished career, he married in 1917. When his wife Kate applied for a pension in 1936, on that he was listed as a General, (U.C.V.) Sometime after this, Kate presented his flag and hand written cards telling of its battles, presumably to the U.C.V., however it could have been to the Daughters of the Confederacy.

The framed flag measures 16.5 by 13.5 inches, the printed silk flag measures approximately 13 by 7.5 inches. The flag is still in its original frame, and there are three cards inside the frame, two handwritten, and one typed.

The cards are presumably in General Lynes handwriting, but I have done no comparison. They are a list of battles, and include: Mechanicsville, Gaines Mill, Frasiers Farm, Savage Station, 2nd Manassas, Harper’s Ferry, Sharpsburg, Wilderness, Fredericksburg, and Appomattox.

Price $2,400.00 USD

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